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Vasily Martemjanovich Ryutin (1910-1938)

Ryutin Vasily Martemjanovich-son of Martemjana Nikitovicha Rjutina M.N. Ryutin led a group of "Marxist Leninistss" and entered history as one of the few resisting Stalin as a communist who first calling Stalin as "the evil genius of the Russian Revolution". He was not 50 years old when he was accused of opportunism, arrested and executed at the personal disposition of Stalin (in 1937). His only surviving daughter for many years later fought for the father's name. Martemjana Nikitovicha's wife disappeared in 1947, in one of the Qaraghandy camps. Calvin's son was exiled to a camp in Central Asia and executed.
The eldest son, Vasily, was born in the village of Upper Rjutino in the hangar and then joined with the father and the family after the Civil War, Siberia, Dagestan, etc. In 1924, he was in Moscow. He studied for a blacksmith in factory, where he met his future wife, was his age at 14-15. They married very early, years of 18. Vasily graduated from the MAI, was very able, even lectured to junior course students, while still a student. The children were born in the family-Arnie and Tatiana. He was a very versatile man, a lot of reading, a lot of knowledge, playing in various musical instruments, doing sports.
After the institute worked at the Dirizhablestroitelnom factory in Dolgoprudny, he was the chief of the design team. When his father was planted, Basil was fired from the plant, expelled from the party, and he worked blacksmith for some time. In February 1938, when his daughter was one month old, he was arrested and shot and killed in September. In the "case" that was read by his daughter, he was accused of being a pest, a terrorist, a right Trotskyist and an Italian spy. The wife was informed that he had been given 10 years without a right of correspondence, which meant that he had been sentenced to death. However, it was then unknown, and the wife kept waiting for him.
The mother of wife Elena Fedorov Vladimir made every effort to do something, but all her connections were only enough to know the truth, that he was dead. Vasily rehabilitated in 1956, and his rehabilitation strove Elena Fedorov. There are several of her letters in the case of her brother-in-law. At that time, many people had renounced their parents, wives, husbands, etc., so it was necessary to have great courage and nobility, and even courage, to not be afraid to marry the husband of the daughter.

Ryutin Vasily Martemjanovich
1.01.1910 was born in the village of Shivers Irkutsk lips.;
Russian; Higher education; Member of Mac (b);
The engineer at the design bureau.
Resident: Moscow.
Sentenced: HC of the USSR on September 20, 1938.
The burial site is Moscow, buried in the Kommunarka.
Rehabilitated May 30, 1956. Plumbing 10.25.bbbb.rr.
Source: Archives Siec Memorial, Moscow

Ilya Fradkov Ravkin (1910-1982)

My father Ilya Fradkov Ravkin was born in poorest family on June 22, 1910 (a coincidence of war, he was unable to celebrate his birthday in 1941) in Simferopol. There, in the very late 19th century, his father, my grandfather, moved from Melitopol in search of work. He married, the children went, four of them: the elder brother of 1901, the second brother of 1906 and the sister of 1912. The parents died early, in the middle of the twentieth year.
My father has been a messenger since he was 14 years old before finishing school. It seems that only seven classes have ended. One time he lived and worked for a big brother in Kharkov. He then moved to Moscow in 1931, graduated from the welders ' course and later worked at an autofactory named Stalin, while at night school. In 1935, he entered the Moscow law school. As in previous years, he lived in a dormitory.
In 1940, he successfully graduated from the institute and was sent to work as a consultant to the legal Division in the management of the affairs of the ANC of the USSR. He was assigned a an room at the Government House (20 entrance, sq.) 403). Exactly 70 years ago, on 17 February 1941, he married my mother, María Petrovna, born in 1917, by the time that the Institute of National Economy, which had already completed its occupation of "commodity" and worked in a department store at beach. Photos of a very humble wedding have survived. Her father (and my grandfather) came to Moscow with my grandmother in 1901 and appeared as a locksmith to the Belarusian railway station. Before that, they lived in the Ryazan province, a goose in the village, which was known to have Iron factory Batashev since the 18th century. Her grandmother had seven children, but three died at an early age. The older brother worked as a driver all his life, a second brother worked in an aviation factory, and the older sister worked as a cashier at the train station. Grandma lived to the Advanced years (92 years), and mom died very recently, and she was a 91 year old.
In the fall of 1941, my father was called to the Army, to the Western Front, where he stayed until 1944.
And in Moscow in October 1941, the tenants of the Government House were resettled (the bridges were mined through Moscow-river), the father was already called into the army, and mom moved to the grandmother's apartment, of course, on the 1st Brest Street. And then a very unusual story happened. decided to leave Moscow in the home of a grandmother in Ryazan Oblast, together with her older sister and her son. Somehow they got there by rail and by Oka, but then, according to the mother's story, they decided to return to the capital so that in my future metric, the "place of birth" would have the word "Moscow". That is, in October, the flow of people eastwards, and the women's Trinity with seven kid and two women in the demolitions is tearing back to the capital. As a result, on November 16, 1941, in the wrong time, I showed up, like my mother said, at the maternity hospital on Miussah, into the shelter. We stayed with Grandma until 1943, then judging by the dates on the stamps of the cards sent by the father from the front-and the mother kept them all her life-returned to the Government House. They were returned to the population in 1942.
The father was on the front until 1944, apparently because of the heavy concussion that he would continue to be disabled for the illness that he received during the hostilities. All three military years, he worked in his main occupation, that is, the military investigator of the division and then the Corps. He returned to Moscow in the rank of captain, and was awarded the Medal for Combat Merit. Pure military memory in my mind was almost unsustained, and the father was not particularly divided, even though we were in childhood asking to talk about military adventures and exploits. He usually Carson: The cannons did not fire, the tanks did not donate, but he came out of the environment, and Contusion received the hospital as a result.
Following the return of his father in 1945, we were given a long room in the same apartment, No. 403. In 1946, my little brother was born. In the future, Ilya Fradkov worked where he was before the war, in the management of the affairs of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. In 1949, the rank of major justice was demobilized. It's hard to figure out the reason, but maybe it was his nationality. The times were the most brutal in this sense.
On November 1, 1951, we moved to another apartment, also communal, to the area of the cover Boulevard, to a small higher-education alley, and now it has the old name, the small side, next to the ancient Church of the three saints. In the church, then, people were human. Our family was given two adjoining rooms. Of course, there was no comparison between the living conditions, the old and the new ones: heating heat, eternal roof leaks, etc. But life continued.
His father died in 1982.

Viktor Fradkov Ravkin

Bronislaw Solomonovna Metallikova (1909-1941)

Bronislaw Solomonovna was born in Ukraine, in the town of Proskury. Her father died early, and the mother of Esther Iosifovna stayed with seven children. The armor was junior. A lot of help was provided by the eldest son Mikhail, 1896 years of birth. He was in April, 1917. Joined the Bolshevik party, presided over the clandestine party organizations of Ukraine during the period of the fight against Petljurovshhinoj, and was then commissioner of the 14th Army.
In the future, Mikhail Solomonovich Metallics and the entire family move to Moscow. On the proposal of V.I. Lenin in 1921 M. The metallics were appointed chief of the Kremlin Medical and health administration. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Moscow University.
Bronislaw Solomonovna, 1927. Enrolled in school, received a higher medical education. He later worked as a endocrinologist doctor at Endocrinology Commissariat Health in the RSFSR. Married a lawyer and Ickova, gave birth to the daughter of Galya.
In 1933, M. and B. Metallikovy were participants in the Scientific conference on Endocrinology, held in Paris. There they were, probably accidentally, on the street met L. Sedov, the son of Trotsky. Earlier, briefly, Lev Glinski was married to Anne Samojlovne Rjabuhinoj, his wife, Mikhail S. Metallikova.
Bronislaw Solomonovna was very beautiful, and his husband was very jealous. Family life has failed. She left with her husband's daughter and lived in the older brother's family. In the mid-1930s, Bronislaw Solomonovna, after Ickovym, married Alexander Nikolayevich Poskrebysheva, the secretary of Stalin. She gave birth to her second daughter, Natasha.
Information about the metallic meeting with L. Sedov, after the divorce of Bronislava Solomonovny with her first husband, reached NKVD. And in 1937, False accusations were made against brother and sister in connection with Trotsky and counter-revolutionary activities. All of this gave rise to the arrest (6.6.1937) and the subsequent shooting (03/31/1939) by M. Metallikova. With Bronislava Solomonovny, thanks to Poskrebysheva's troubles, the charges were dropped, with the proviso that her name would never again be met in such cases.
But in the same 37, four months after his brother's arrest, he was arrested by Alu Samojlovnu Rjabuhinu, his wife. Bronislaw Solomonovna wrote letters to Stalin and take a look at their case. She only managed to ensure that the nephews of Marina and Sergei were not sent to the orphanage, but that they were given to their grandmother. She helped mothers and nephews a lot. In 1939, at the insistence of the relatives, she went to the Lubianka, asking for his brother's release. Her future fate remains unknown. The car on which she arrived was sent back by the NKVD. She's not back home. On the phone, Poskrebysheva the answer was that she was taken home. All the attempts by Alexander Nikolayevich to release his wife were unsuccessful, and he was advised to find a new wife.
The armor has disappeared, according to the testimony of Marina's niece, on the eve of the May holidays in 1939. Marina Mikhailovna says, "I went to prison with my grandmother, and all of us were told that Bronislaw Solomonovna Metallikova is not on the lists of prisoners." The documents of the investigation are said to have been arrested in the 1940s and sentenced to death on 22 September 1941. She was charged with the same charges as her brother. On October 13, 1941, when the German forces approached Moscow, it was shot. Her ashes, according to the FSB's archives, are buried in the pits of Kommunarka, near Moscow.
On 10 October 1957, Bronislaw Solomonovna Metallikova was rehabilitated. Her name and the name of the Metallikova are inscribed on the memorial plate, which is mounted on the tomb of ASI Samojlovny Rjabuhinoj at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Tours of the courtyards of the House on the Embankment

The Museum “House on the Embankment” organizes not only general tours of its exhibitions, but also walking-tours of the courtyards of the house. On the tour, visitors learn about the history of the house’s construction, the apartments of famous residents, their daily life, and what services were located in the public premises. They learn about the courtyards of the house as they were many years ago, and how they have changed in the eighty-year period of existence of the House on the Embankment.

Additional information by phone: +7 (495) 959 49 36.